Monday, May 31, 2010

Calder Redux

Alexander Calder - Caltech Arches
Previously we mentioned an Alexander Calder exhibit at the Seattle Art Museum that was an eye-opener for us in regard to Calder’s work. Last month while in Los Angeles and at our old stomping grounds in Pasadena, Caltech (California Institute of Technology), we ran into Calder and his father, Alexander Stirling Calder.

The American sculptor Alexander Stirling Calder (1870 – 1945) carved the beautiful stone arches that today adorn a bridge between two laboratories at Caltech. The arches represent Nature, Art, Energy, Science, Imagination, and Law. They originally adorned a building called Throop Hall dedicated in 1910 on the present-day campus. Throop Hall was demolished after the 1971 San Fernando earthquake and the arches lay neglected for years until pressed back into use in 1986 in their current location. We snapped the photo above while walking around campus.

We ran into Alexander (Sandy) Calder (1898 – 1976) again at the Getty Center at the Lower Terrace Garden. The two pieces together are called The Jousters (1963). For an audio explanation click on The Jousters link in this audio tour.
Alexander Calder - The Jousters (1963)

Il Grande Sogno (The Big Dream)

Il Grande Sogno - Film
Our last SIFF outing was to the Italian film Il Grande Sogno (2009) – The Big Dream. The story is set in the late 1960s in Italy and based on the director Michele Placido’s memories of emigrating from Puglia to the north, being a policeman, and aspiring to be an actor. The backdrop of this story of betrayal, love, and change takes place in the milieu of events leading up to and after the Battle of Valle Giula in Rome. Valle Giula was part of the worldwide unrest collectively called the Protests of 1968. (You will catch a little bit of Barry McGuire’s version of the protest song Eve of Destruction in the film.)

The title “the big dream” can be taken in one way to refer to the dream of a revolution. The film’s story is partially about the anti-war movement across the globe, from an Italian perspective. But it is more about the far left-leaning political and social movements that wanted to shake up the ideas of the mainstream Italian bourgeoise (“borghesia”) which had its allegiance to the Italian Communist Party. The turmoil of the late 1960s was the start of The Years of Lead (“Anni di piombo”) which is was period marked by social conflict and acts of terrorism in Italy.

Wednesday, May 26, 2010

Indian Canyons, Moorten Botanical Garden, and Palm Springs Aerial Tramway

Palm Canyon - Indian Canyons
Last month while in Palm Springs we saw a couple of things that are worth doing compared to sitting by the pool. Previously, we mentioned visiting Joshua Tree, seeing the Cabazon Dinosaurs, grabbing a date shake, or heading south to the Salton Sea area to visit Bombay Beach or Salvation Mountain. Three other possible outings include a hike in Indian Canyons, a visit to Moorten Botanical Garden, or a ride on the Palm Springs Aerial Tramway up to 8,516 feet to enjoy some cool mountain air and maybe some snow.

Indian Canyons refers to Palm Canyon, Andreas Canyon, and Murray Canyon which are part of the Agua Caliente Band of Cahuilla Indian Reservation. Palm Canyon (and the namesake of Palm Springs?) is considered by some the largest California Fan Palm (Washingtonia filifera) oasis and this is what we explored for a few miles. It is a nice because you weave in out of the shade of the palms as you walk. At several places we saw people in the water splashing around or just resting on a rock dangling their feet in.

Moorten Botanical Garden is located just a few miles north of Indian Canyons on the same road, S. Palm Canyon Drive. This private garden costs just a few bucks to get into and is a worth a peek if you are at all interested in plants. At Moorten it’s all about desert plants and, of course, cacti. According to the garden’s web site the world’s first “cactarium” is located there – and the Moortens coined the term. (A cactarium as far as we can tell is a greenhouse with rare plants – including cacti.) The garden has been around since 1938 when it was founded by Chester “Cactus Slim” Moorten and his wife, Patricia Moorten. You can buy plants at Moorten.

The third thing we wanted to mention is The Palm Springs Aerial Tramway. The ten minute ride brings you from the Valley Station at 2,643 ft to the Mountain Station at 8,516 ft. The tram car rotates 360 degrees twice as it travels the 2.5 miles so that everyone gets a great view. The Mountain Station is located just on the edge of the Mount San Jacinto State Wilderness and the Long Valley Ranger Station is located just a short distance from the tram drop off point. The San Jacinto Peak is at 10,804 ft. Don’t forget to bring a jacket as it may be cooler up top.
Palm Spring Aerial Tramway
Moorten Botanical Garden

Monday, May 24, 2010

Io Sono L’Amore – I Am Love

Io Sono l’Amore (2009) is an Italian film from the director Luca Guadagnino that we saw recently as part of the SIFF festival. The film evokes a Visconti (1906 – 1976) –esque drama of a rich family, dynastic ambitions within the family, and the power that outside influences have on the survival of the family. It reminded me a bit of Il Gattopardo. In fact Visconti adapted Il Gattopardo (1963) for the screen. In that story the prince’s nephew is named Tancredi which is the name of the father in Io Sono l’Amore.

Of the film, one review said “minute attention to detail in this lavish production” and another “The camera hugs the actors, telling the story through the smallest details and gestures…”. This is exactly what I found puzzling or at least unfamiliar territory: the attention to visual details that seemed to be too much and not relevant. And, of the main character Tilda Swinton while I thought she was interesting in the role, I never got pulled into caring about her character. Overall, Io Sono L’Amore wasn’t as warm and inviting at Mine Vaganti, which we saw the night before, but then again, it probably wasn’t meant to be.

Sunday, May 23, 2010

Mine Vaganti – Loose Cannons

Poster for the movie "Mine Vaganti" or "Loose Cannons"

Mine Vaganti (2010) is an Italian film from the Turkish-born, Italian director Ferzan Özpetek that we saw recently as part of the SIFF festival. The title translates to “loose cannons” and refers to a nickname for the grandmother in the film. The film is an enjoyable comedy with a couple of twists and a satisfying end. 

Here's the official trailer for it.  

Here's an IMDB trailer with subtitles. And the music, very nice. The soundtrack (colonna sonora) has as its theme the very catchy and new version of the song 50mila by Nina Zilli. Other songs that stand out in the soundtrack include Pink Martini’s Una Notta a Napoli, the 70s disco song Sorry, I’m a Lady from Baccara, and Kutalama from the Turkish singer/songwriter Sezen Aksu.

Saturday, May 22, 2010

Music: Radical Faces and Boozoo Bajou

Radical Face - Ghost Boozoo Bajaou - Grains
It’s been a while since Travelmarx made some music recommendations… and there has been no shortage of interesting music to talk about. The primary new music source for us is the Pandora service through the Sonos system. Our two most played releases of the moment are the Radical Face’s Ghost and Boozoo Bajou’s Grains.

Radical Face is a one man show, Ben Cooper and Ghost (2007) is a concept album about houses retaining memories. Consistent with this theme the album presents a dreamy, slightly haunting (in a good way), and warm sound with what seems like little or no electronic instrumentation. I can listen to the second track Welcome Home (video) over and over.

The second release we are playing over and over at Travelmarx is Boozoo Bajou’s Grains (2009). This is a release from a “downbeat duo” from Germany who draw inspiration from reggae, Cajun music, jazz, and pop to name a few genres. In fact, I’m guessing that their name is a tip of the hat to Boozoo Chavis (1930 – 2001), a zydeco musician? Grains like Ghost, is dreamy and slightly haunting (detecting a preferred music style?), heavy on atmosphere and electronic effects. Tracks alternate between vocals and moody instrumentals.

Friday, May 21, 2010

Fads & Fallacies in the Name of Science

Fads and Fallacies in the Name of Science - Martin Gardner - Book Cover 
Fads and Fallacies in the Name of Science - Martin Gardner - Book Cover

Fads & Fallacies in the Name of Science was written in 1952 and revised in 1957 by the American mathematics and science writer Martin Gardner. The book’s 26 chapters catalog wacky ideas and the cranks and pseudo-scientists who put them forward. The book reminds us over and over again of how scientific skepticism (or any skepticism for that matter) is a skill that we have to practice daily and diligently. 

To be honest, the book was a bit hard to read in two respects. First, you are reading about American fads and fallacies of more than 50 years ago and we have 50+ years of knowledge to know a little bit more about what is correct and what is crap. Reading about people who tried to pass off what we know today as crap as correct can be a little tiring. It seems not worth the effort, but you must keep reminding yourself that we are not safe today as we have our own fads and fallacies and cranks who peddle them. Use the book as a pattern of what to look out for. To that point, Gardner comes up with “five ways in which the sincere pseudo-scientist’s paranoid tendencies are likely to be exhibited. 

(1) He considers himself a genius. 
(2) He regards his colleagues, without exception, as ignorant blockheads. 
(3) He believes himself unjustly persecuted and discriminated against. 
(4) He has strong compulsions to focus his attacks on the greatest scientists and the best-established theories. 
(5) He often has a tendency to write in complex jargon, in many cases making use of terms and phrases he himself coined.” 

The second respect in which the book is difficult to read is that you are dealing with crazy, inaccurate, and often clearly wrong ideas and it’s hard to keep straight the ideas, names and places. So, all I can suggest is that you read a chapter here and there as needed. I came across the book because I first encountered the idea of “the map is not the territory” by Alfred Korzybski (1879 – 1950) while reading, of all things, My Life in France by Julia Child. Then I ran across one of Korzybski’s crazy diagrams that looks like a strange art project and thought wow, there must be something here. But by chance I also read that Gardner should be consulted about Korzybski. So consult I did. Chapter 23, General Semantics, Etc. deals with Korzybski and his ideas which I think spared my sanity so as I did not plunge head first into Korzybski’s impressive sounding Science and Sanity

Upton Sinclair 

One character, who pops up many times throughout Fads & Fallacies, is the American activist author Upton Sinclair (1878 – 1968). Sinclair wrote the 1906 novel The Jungle exposing the corruption of the meatpacking industry in the early 20th century. It seems that Sinclair didn’t meet a fad or crazy idea that he didn’t throw his whole self behind with considerable energy. In Chapter 17, Medical Quacks, we learn that Sinclair was as vocal supporter of the obviously fraudulent American doctor Albert Abrams (1863 – 1924). In a note accompanying the chapter, Gardner notes that H.L. Mencken (1880 – 1956) in Prejudices, Vol. 6 held that “the same rebellious impulses that make a political radical too often find similar outlets in quack medical opinions.” It reminded me a bit of the Salem Hypothesis – that there is a correlation between subscribing to creationism and working in an engineering discipline. (Developing the relationship is left as an exercise to the reader.) 

In Defense of Organic Farming 

In Chapter 18, Food Faddists, Gardner covers questionable ideas such as Rudolf Steiner and Anthroposophy and narrowly focused ideas like Fletcherism - “nature will castigate those who don’t masticate”. Lumped in are some ideas that have proven themselves out today. For example, organic farming mentioned in the chapter comes in for some scorn from Gardner. However, today organic farming is accepted as a viable agricultural practice. Even ideas from folks like Gayelord Hauser (1895 – 1984), a self-styled American nutritionist and Hollywood dietician, gets the last laugh in that his ideas of avoiding sugar and gluten have become more mainstream as well as finding support in research.

06/02/2010 - Update

See the Comments for further discussion of General Semantics. 

10/13/2021 - Recommendation for a related book

Wow, I can't believe it's been over 10 years since I read Fads & Fallacies and many of the fads and fallacies are still going strong. 

Recently, I read the book Good Thinking: Why Flawed Logic Puts Us All at Risk and How Critical Thinking Can Save the World (2021) by David Robert Grimes. Grimes is an Irish science writer who writes about science and society, and is an advocate for better public understanding of science. The title of the book hooked us. We read it and enjoyed it. 

Good Thinking reminded me a lot of Fads & Fallacies. Both books treat topics of not-so-good and downright bad thinking and reasoning. We wonder: have we made any gains in critical thinking, on average, if that can even be measured? Is good thinking only the domain of a fraction of society? Does that fraction change in time? We ask given the given recent news on people proudly and dangerously rejecting sound vaccine science in the name of freedom, "trust", and a host of other unreasonable reasons.

Good Thinking by David Robert Grimes - Front Cover

Thursday, May 6, 2010

The Oxford Book of Modern Science Writing

The Oxford Book for Modern Science Writing

The Oxford Book of Modern Science Writing, edited by Richard Dawkins and published in 2008, is a collection of modern science writing (post 1900). A review of the collection I read sums it up well: every reader is likely to make a discovery or two in these 80+ excerpts. Even if you are not particularly into science or are intimidated by science writing, you will be surprised at the accessibility of the passages that Dawkins has chosen. There are a few pieces that I felt were a bit clunky and could have been omitted, but that’s a minor point because overall the collection works. Some of my favorite passages that embody interesting ideas that I ‘discovered’ include:

J.B.S. Haldane
(1892 – 1964) from On Being the Right Size in “Possible Worlds and Other Essays” [1926]. “Comparative anatomy is largely the story of the struggle to increase surface in proportion to volume.” This is due to the square-cube law. 

Colin Blakemore (1944 – ) from The Mind Machine [1988]. Blakemore gives us the hypothetical story of a photon as it leaves the sun eventually bounces off of an old lady’s skin and ends up striking the back of the retina of her grandson.

Niko Tinbergen (1907 – 1988) from Curious Naturalists [1958]. An excerpt from Tinbergen’s scientific autobiography describes Tingbergen performing in-the-wild experiments with digger wasps in the sand dunes of Holland. And, you just want to be there sitting with him.

Alister Hardy
(1896 – 1985) from The Open Sea: Its Natural History [1956]. Hardy discovers spooky marine phosphorescence in the night. 

 Edward O. Wilson (1929 - ) from The Diversity of Life [1992]. Wilson, sits in the jungle thinking: “The isolated mind moves in slow circles and breakouts are rare. Solitude is better for weeding out ideas than for creating them. Genius is the summed production of the many with the names of the few attached for easy recall, unfairly so to other scientists. My mind drifted into the hourless night, no port of call yet chosen.”

James Watson (1928 - ) from Avoid Boring People: Lessons from a Life in Science [2007]. In this excerpt we get a sampling of Watson’s ‘rules’ like “never be the brightest person in the room” and “work with a teammate who is your intellectual equal.”

Erwin Schrödinger
(1887-1961) from What is Life? [1944]. A living system feeds on ‘negative entropy,’ “…attracting, as it were, a stream of negative entropy upon itself, to compensate the entropy increase it produces by living thus to maintain itself on a stationary and fairly low entropy level.”

Primo Levi
(1919-1987) from The Periodic Table [1985]. Levi gives an intimate biography of a carbon atom and its function in life: “’Such is life’, although rarely is it described in this manner: an inserting itself, a drawing off to its advantage, a parasitizing of the downward course of energy, from its noble solar form to the degraded one of low-temperature heat. In this downward course, which leads to equilibrium and thus death, life draws a bend and nests in it.” 

There is a bit of criticism over the fact that there are only three woman scientists included in the collection. I don’t know enough about the women scientists who might have been eligible for this collection to say if this is fair criticism. I don’t think this should diminish the take away point that there is some very good science writing and that this collection is a great place to start.